Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)is a common problem that affects a woman’s ovaries during their childbearing years (ages 15 to 44). An ovary is a reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone — hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. Women have two ovaries, right and left attached to the uterus with fallopian tubules.
“Polycystic ovary” means “many cysts (many small, fluid-filled sacs) in the ovary.” These sacs are actually follicles containing an immature egg. The eggs never mature enough to trigger ovulation. The lack of ovulation alters levels of female hormones- estrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH. Estrogen and progesterone levels are lower, while androgen levels are higher than usual in women suffering from this condition. Higher than usual levels of androgens disrupt the menstrual cycle, so women with PCOS get fewer periods than usual.
- High androgen levels in female prevent her ovaries from producing hormones and making eggs normally.
- Genes, insulin resistance, and inflammation have been linked to excess androgen production.
- Obesity is an important factor as obesity is a major cause of insulin resistance and linked with high inflammatory response in body.
- Irregular periods or scanty periods as lack of ovulation prevent the uterine lining from shedding every month.
- The uterine lining builds up for a longer period of time, so the periods you do get can be heavier than normal sometimes.
- Nearly 70 percent of women with PCOS have hirsutism or male pattern hair growth on their face back, belly, and chest.
- Acne on areas like the face, chest, and upper back.
- Up to 80 percent of women with PCOS are overweight or obese.
- Male-pattern baldness on scalp.
- Infertility or inability to conceive due to anovulatory cycles.
- Depression and anxiety due to obesity and metabolic abnormalities
- Darkening of the skin in body creases like those on the neck, in the groin, and under the breasts due to insulin resistance.
Presence of at least two of these three symptoms:
- high androgen levels
- irregular menstrual cycles
- cysts in the ovaries
A pelvic exam, blood tests, and ultrasound can confirm the diagnosis.
Diet and Lifestyle tips to treat PCOS
Losing just 5 to 10 percent of body weight with exercise and correct diet can help regulate menstrual cycle and improve symptoms of PCOS. Weight loss improves cholesterol levels, lowers insulin, and reduces heart disease and diabetes risks. Low-carbohydrate diets that get most carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are effective for weight loss, lowering insulin levels and regulating menstrual cycle.
The conventional treatment of PCOS includes- birth control pills or progesterone pills help to make menstrual cycles more regular, metformin to increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin, LH-releasing hormone analogs, hair removal using laser combined with anti-androgen medications and pelvic laparoscopic surgery. Most conventional PCOS treatments be it surgery or hormonal treatments have side effects like unnecessary risks and a recurrence rate. Homeopathy on the other hand, is an individualized treatment. Constitutional treatment with Homoeopathy addresses metabolic, hormonal, and psychosocial symptoms. Homeopathic constitutional treatment helps to regulate hormonal balance regularizing ovulation as well as restoring menstrual normalcy. Thus, Homoeopathy gives effective and safe treatment of PCOS including restoration of regular menstruation, restoration of fertility, treatment of acne, and lowering of blood glucose levels.