Migraine is a syndrome of acute recurrent episodes of headaches that has a high prevalence in age group between 35 to 45 years. Often the onset of this condition is around puberty. It is twice as more common in females and a positive family history is present in 60% of the cases.
- A migraine headache is a type of periodic moderate to severe headache on one or both sides of the head lasts for 4 to 72 hours duration. The pain is often described as throbbing or pulsing.
- Migraine may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, increased sensitivity of the eyes to light (photophobia), increased sensitivity to sound (phonophobia), dizziness, blurred vision etc.
- Some patients report stress, change of weather, and certain food items as possible triggers of migraine. Migraine is worsened by routine physical activity like walking or climbing stairs, light, or noise.
- Depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbance are common in patients suffering from migraine.
- Among women nearly 60% report an association between menses and their migraine episodes. Use of oral contraceptives and estrogen therapy may aggravate migraine symptoms.
- Migraine may be episodic when the patient has 0 to 14 headache days per month, and chronic when the patient has 15 or more headache days per month.
Four phases of Migraine
- Prodrome- One or two days before a migraine episode patient may notice subtle changes such as constipation, mood changes, food cravings, neck stiffness, increased thirst and urination, frequent yawning etc that warn of an upcoming migraine.
- Aura- Auras are reversible symptoms of the nervous system that may or may not precede aura. Some patients describe aura such as seeing various shapes, bright spots or flashes of light, pins and needles sensations in an arm or leg, weakness or numbness in the face or one side of the body, hearing noises or difficulty speaking etc that occur before or during migraine. Each symptom gradually builds up over several minutes and lasts for 20 to 60 minutes.
- Headache- Headache is unilateral in 50-70% cases and the pain may radiate to neck. Headache is often relieved by lying down in a dark room.
- Postdrome- The patients have drained out, exhausted feeling after a Migraine episode which is called the postdrome.
Why choose Homoeopathy for Migraine
- Homoeopathic treatment is ‘individualised’ to the patient, cost-effective, side effect free, and minimize the need for additional medication.
- Homeopathic remedy is prescribed after detailed case history including intensity, nature, site and spread of pain, associated symptoms, family history, precipitating factors, aggravating and/or relieving factors, patient response during episodes and how it affects his daily life, general health and medical history, any residual symptoms between episodes; health concerns, anxieties, fears about recurrent attacks etc.
- Published research studies – Witt et al (2010) and Danno et al (2013) have reported a statistically significant decrease (p<0.001) in the frequency, severity, and duration of migraine attacks with use of individualized Homoeopathy.